In a previous post, we could see how the Glasgow issues of 1714, 1716 and 1725 set the template for many similar CTs to come -- consider also the similarity of these issues with mid-seventeenth century trade tokens (except that the trade tokens were round).
The earliest renditions of the Glasgow square (GS) appeared in villages located just outside Glasgow. In 1735, Inchinnan in Renfrew (nine miles NW of the city) produced a small GS of 19mm. A few years later, in 1742, Cambuslang (only 6 miles south of the city, but still in Lanark) used a similar GS, also measuring 19mm.
|An early GS from Cambuslang dated|
1742. The initials in the middle are
for Minister William McCulloch.
The GSs were uniformly made. As mentioned before, two bold circles formed a band to produce the defining characteristic. Within the band, the parish name was placed at the top, and the date was placed at the bottom. The minister's initials were placed in the center. The Kippen token was struck at a 45-degree angle using a square blank to produce a diamond effect. But make no mistake, with right angles and equilateral sides, it was still square.
More pieces appeared in the 1740s at New Kilpatrick (in Dunbarton) and Rutherglen (in Lanark). Both of these places were located along the edges of the royal burgh of Glasgow. The radius widened in the decade to come with Muirkirk, Bothwell, Barony, Cambusnethan, Cadder, Baldernock, Carluke, New Monkland and Shotts all producing GSs. The overall design remained the same with a few minor variations in ornamentation or placement of the date in the center.
|As is typical for Aberdeen, this GS|
is simple and bold on a thick flan,
and the square is broad at 23mm.
Interestingly, many GS are not immediately known to collectors since catalogers like Brook and Burzinski do not have images of them. Without the image, it is difficult to discern from verbal descriptions if the CT is a GS. For example, the 1735 GS from Inchinnan is pictured in Kerr & Lockie but not in Brook. Some images can only be found in the marketplace: a Greenock GS dated 1792 can be found in a recent ebay auction. Auction catalogs are invaluable in this regard. For example, GSs for Greenock can be found for 1798, 1802 and 1809 (the latter with cut corners) in the W. J. Noble Collection catalog of CTs that sold in Australia in July 2000.